Humans possess an array of different kinds of intelligence. Each
individual possess varying levels of these different intelligences,
giving each person a unique "cognitive profile."
Gardner's 1983 book, 'Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences',
debated the concept of intelligence, and whether methods which claim
to measure intelligence [or aspects of] are truly scientific.
The word "intelligence" is often incorrectly substituted
for "ability". Using school tests as an example; a child
who scores well on a maths test is not necessarily more intelligent
than another child who struggled with the same test.
One only needs to study individuals exhibiting unusual talents
in a given field (child prodigies, autistic savants) for neurological
evidence that are specialized for particular capacities that fall
outside the commonly used IQ tests and psychometric studies.
Gardner originally identified seven core intelligences:
- Linguistic Intelligence
- words, languages
- Logical-Mathematical Intelligence
- numbers, logic, abstraction
- Spatial Intelligence
- vision, judgement
Intelligence - movement and doing, dance, sports.
- Musical Intelligence
- rhythm, music, hearing
- Social Intelligence -
- Emotional Intelligence
- Naturalistic Intelligence
- nature, nurturing, classification
Further studies by Gardner continue to discover potentially a ninth
intelligence, an existential intelligence.
There is much controversy over Gardners theory of intelligence,
mostly in two areas:
- The Gardner essentially denies the actual existance of intelligence
- That his claims have not been empirically proven
One only has to look at the failing educational systems and failing
societies to wonder whether perhaps he is the only one who has it
NEXT: Intelligence Quotient
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